THE DRIVING FORCE
I am Nikolaos Zoumboulidis from
In 1922 1,500,000 Greek refugees arrived
Cappadocia. I am the Head of the Technical
in Greece as a result of the Greek-Turkish
Service at the National Bank of Greece. I
war. The Bank supported the refugees,
studied architecture at the Imperial Art
financed housing, water supply and flood
College in Constantinople. In 1912 I
control projects. The majority of refugees
enrolled in the Technical University of
were skilled and educated people. They
Berlin, while working as an
had new ideas and started new
architect for the
businesses modernizing the
New Berlin
economy. Their coming helped the
Museum. I joined the National
country develop.
Bank* in 1915. The Bank
played a decisive role in the
monetary unification of the
liberated lands** with Greece
after the Balkan Wars.
*The word bank derives from the Greek word [pegma], the table for trade exchanges in the ancient Athenian Agora.
**Southern Epirus, Macedonia, Thrace, Crete, North Aegean Islands were liberated in the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) and World War I (1914-1918).