WOMEN AGAINST MEN
My name is Herman Spierer. I was born in
cosmopolitan Smyrna* in 1885. My father,
Sigmund, is an ophthalmologist from
Hungary and my mother, Fanny Golda
Auerbach, comes from Geneva. I am in the
tobacco business. Around 1910 a big
innovation was born in Smyrna, the
tonga: tobacco leaves are not
anymore sewn together with a thin
thread, but are placed in boxes to
build a 30-kilo parcel. The tonga
reduced costs and increased
productivity. The factories
however employed women with
much
lower wages. Very
soon
unemployment of men
created
conflicts with
employers.
*present day Izmir in Turkey
37