I am Eurydice Pappas, reporting for
Tharros: "In the late Ottoman Empire labor
unions and strikes are prohibited. In an
effort to improve working conditions and
wages, Christians, Muslims and Jews form
the first labor union in 1908. It counts
4,000 members! The Balkan Wars follow
with Eastern Macedonia and Thrace joining
free Greece in 1913. As a result, cultivation
becomes systematic and
the export of oriental
tobacco in the global
market grows. However,
a 12 hour-workday
without insurance, low
wages and great job
insecurity lead to a
national strike in 1914.
T h e f i r s t s o c i a l
agreement between
tobacco workers and
employers is sealed."